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The Basics of Perfume Notes


The Art of Perfume Composition


Note Durations


The Language of Perfume Notes

What are notes in perfume?


Devraj Dumbre

December 19, 2023

3 min read

Uncover the secrets of perfume notes. Learn how top, middle, and base layers craft scents, enhancing your fragrance experience | Blanko

Much like the musical notes in a symphony, perfume notes are the building blocks that harmonize to create a unique and enchanting fragrance.

The Basics of Perfume Notes:

Perfume notes refer to the components or ingredients that make up a fragrance. We divide them into top notes, heart notes (or middle notes), and base notes. These notes determine the overall scent profile and longevity.

Top Notes:

In the opening act of any fragrance, top notes are the first impression that hits your senses. These notes are volatile and evaporate quickly, providing the initial burst of scent. Top notes include citrus fruits like bergamot, lemon, and orange. The purpose of top notes is to capture attention and create an immediate impact.

Heart Notes:

These notes are more stable and contribute to the overall theme and character of the perfume. Floral, fruity, and spicy notes often dominate this layer, creating a harmonious transition from the initial burst to the lasting impression.

Base Notes:

They are the foundation of the fragrance and provide depth and longevity. These notes unfold over time, lingering on the skin long after the top and heart notes have faded. Base notes are often rich and robust, with woody essences, musk, vanilla, and amber. They anchor the perfume, giving it a stable and enduring presence. nODES.png

The Art of Perfume Composition:

Crafting a perfume is akin to composing a symphony, with perfumers carefully selecting and combing various notes to achieve a balanced and evocative fragrance. The challenge lies not only in choosing the right notes but also in orchestrating their progression over time.

Note Durations:

Understanding the evaporation rates of each note is crucial for achieving a well-balanced perfume. Top notes, being volatile, create an immediate impact but fade quickly. Heart notes last longer, providing continuity, while base notes linger for hours, leaving a lasting impression. Perfumers carefully consider the timing of each note's release to ensure a captivating experience.

The Language of Perfume Notes:

Perfume notes go beyond mere ingredients; they tell a story, conveying emotions and narratives through scent. Different notes evoke different feelings, and the combination of these notes can create a symphony of sensations. For instance, lavender and chamomile may evoke a sense of calm and relaxation, while spices like cinnamon and clove can add warmth and intensity.

Floral Notes:

Floral notes are the most common and diverse in perfumery. Each flower contributes a unique character, from the romantic and sensual allure of roses to the fresh and vibrant essence of lilies. Floral notes are often found in the top and heart layers, creating a delicate and captivating bouquet.

Citrus Notes:

Citrus notes, such as bergamot, lemon, and orange, add a refreshing and zesty quality to perfumes. They are commonly used as top notes, providing an opening that awakens the senses. Citrus notes are often associated with energy and vitality.

Woody Notes:

They are prevalent in base notes, grounding the fragrance and adding a sense of strength and longevity. Woody notes are known for their comforting and earthy qualities. The Billionaire perfume by Blanko is known for its woody scent that creates a lasting impression.


In the enchanting world of perfumery, notes serve as the language that speaks to our senses. Perfume notes are more than ingredients; they are the poetry that unfolds on our skin, telling stories and evoking emotions. So, the next time you inhale the lingering trail of your favourite perfume, remember that you are experiencing the harmonious interplay of top, heart, and base notes.


Q. How long do different perfume notes last?

A. Top notes are volatile and evaporate quickly. Heart notes are more stable and can linger for a few hours, while base notes, being the most enduring, can last for several hours and even throughout the day.

Q. How do perfumers choose which notes to use?

A. Perfumers select notes based on their desired fragrance theme. They take into consideration the characteristics of each note and their evaporation rates.

Q. Do perfume notes smell the same on everyone?

A. Factors like pH levels, body temperature, and skin type influence how a fragrance develops over time.

Q. How should I store perfumes to preserve their notes?

A. Perfumes are sensitive to light, heat, and air, which can degrade.

Q. Can perfume notes trigger allergies?

A. Some individuals may be sensitive or allergic to certain perfume ingredients. It's advisable to perform a patch test before applying a new fragrance.

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